Spine cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in or around the spinal cord resulting in a tumor. If the abnormal cells originated from cells in the tissues of the spine, this is a Primary Spine Tumor. Primary tumors in the spine are relatively rare and are either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Benign Spine Tumors include:
Malignant Spine Tumors include:
If the abnormal cells originated in another part of the body, as in cancer originating in the lung, breast, colon or skin and were carried to the spine by the blood or other bodily fluid, growing into a tumor, then it is considered a Metastatic Spine Tumor. Both primary and metastatic spine tumors are very serious because they can compress the spinal cord and/or destroy the bone and surrounding tissue in the spine. These tumors cause patients to experience pain, gait and posture problems, and other neurological issues.
TrueBeam STx™ treatment offers frameless, non-invasive pain relief treatment for patients suffering with trigeminal neuralgia (TN). TrueBeam STx painlessly delivers precise beams of high-dose radiation to the trigeminal nerve root, without requiring incisions, hospitalization, or long recovery time.
TrueBeam™ STx precisely aims radiation beams at the AVM from multiple angles. Over time, the radiation causes the AVM blood vessels to narrow and eventually close off, eliminating the risk of hemorrhage or stroke. The primary advantage over surgical removal is that radiosurgery is not invasive, does not require anesthesia or a hospital stay and doesn’t carry the risks of open surgery. Moreover, some AVMs are located in areas of the brain that cannot be treated with conventional surgery. In those cases, radiosurgery may be the only feasible treatment option.
TrueBeam differs from other radiosurgery systems in that it doesn’t require a rigid metal frame screwed to the patient’s skull for targeting tumors and immobilizing patients. The TrueBeam achieves highly accurate targeting with computer imaging that continuously updates the tumor location and, therefore, eliminates the need for a metal frame.
TrueBeam STx treats pancreatic cancer with high-dose radiation. Prior to treatment, doctors implant between three to five small metal markers known as fiducials in or near the tumor that enable the TrueBeam STx to pinpoint the tumor location throughout treatment. Implanting the markers is an outpatient procedure that takes about an hour. About a week later, patients are fitted with a custom body mold made of soft material that they lie on during treatments. The fitting process is painless. Patients then undergo a CT scan that assists in developing a customized treatment plan.
TrueBeam STx’s ability to treat tumors with precisely focused radiation offers an important advantage for liver cancer patients. Accurate to within less than a millimeter, radiosurgery has minimal effect on surrounding health tissue. This level of accuracy enables doctors to target liver tumors with high-dose radiation, which significantly reduces the number of treatments needed – usually between three and five over several days compared to 30-40 over several weeks required for radiotherapy systems.
TrueBeam STx is capable of high-dose radiation for tumors or lesions in especially sensitive areas of the brain and is the only radiosurgery system that doesn’t need an invasive head frame. Radiosurgery with TrueBeam STx safely delivers high-dose radiation while minimizing exposure to healthy tissue. Ocular and orbital tumors can be difficult to treat due to their close proximity to important structures in the brain, and TrueBeam STx provides an effective treatment option for these tumors due to the precise nature of the radiation beams it delivers. Ocular and orbital tumors can greatly affect a patient’s quality of life, and radiosurgery with TrueBeam STx offers a treatment option that can preserve a patient’s vision.
Radiosurgery for kidney tumors is noninvasive, and typically carries less risk of complications than conventional surgery. For patients who refuse surgery or have medically inoperable kidney tumors, radiosurgery can be an effective treatment option. TrueBeam STx, which delivers high-dose radiation over one to five treatments, can be particularly effective for treatment of small kidney tumors. TrueBeam STx has the ability to compensate for normal patient movements, precisely targeting the tumor during the entire procedure and minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissue. This is important when treating kidney tumors, which can shift during treatment due to regular patient movements such as breathing.
Radiation therapy is used to treat breast cancer painlessly and non-invasively. During treatment, high-energy X-rays are delivered to a patient’s breast cancer safely and effectively. Side effects are usually minimal, and most patients return to routine activities immediately after each treatment. Radiation therapy serves as an effective treatment for breast cancer, working within cancer cells to damage their ability to multiply. Several factors determine candidacy for radiation therapy treatment including the stage of the cancer, potential side effects, age and overall health. Sometimes a combination of treatments is the best plan for treating breast cancer.
Head & Neck Cancers
Head and neck cancer refers collectively to cancers that arise in the head and neck region, including the nasal cavity, sinuses, mouth, lips, salivary glands, larynx or throat. These cancers typically begin in the squamous cells that line the moist surfaces inside the mouth, nose and throat. Radiation therapy is used to treat head and neck cancer painlessly and noninvasively. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is an effective treatment for head and neck cancer, working within cancer cells to damage their ability to multiply. During treatment, high-energy X-rays are delivered to the cancer cells with a linear accelerator (LINAC). Treatments are delivered daily Monday through Friday. Each treatment takes about 10 to 15 minutes. The treatment process is painless, safe and will not burn or hurt you. Side effects are usually minimal, and most patients return to routine activities immediately after each treatment. Several factors determine candidacy for radiation therapy treatment including the stage of the cancer, potential side effects, age and overall health. Sometimes a combination of treatments is the best plan for treating head and neck cancer.